Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)

What is periodontal (gum) disease?

It is the breakdown of the supporting tissues such as bone, ligaments and gum around your teeth, caused by bacteria in your mouth.

What are the symptoms?

You can have periodontal disease without being aware of it. The most common symptoms are bleeding gums, bad breath, sensitive teeth and loose teeth.

Who gets periodontal disease?

Everyone can develop periodontal disease but some people are more susceptible than others. These are people with poor oral hygiene, smokers, people with diabetes, anyone under high stress and there can be a genetic link as well. Sometimes pregnancy and IVF treatment, can also be a contributing factor in developing periodontal disease.

Systemic effect of periodontal disease:

In the recent years, studies have shown a link between people with periodontal disease and system health problems. If you are suffering from heart problems or diabetes untreated periodontal disease could affect you condition in an adverse way. In pregnancy there is suspected link between untreated periodontal treatment and pre term delivery.

What is the treatment of periodontal disease?

It is very important to get periodontal disease diagnosed and treated as early as possible as lost bone cannot be regrown. The initial treatment consist of a consultation where your gums and bone levels are measured to assess the severity of the disease. You will then need cleaning of the teeth below the gum line to remove the bacteria. Response to treatment is usually assessed some 3 month later to check on the healing. Sometimes re-shaping of your gums may be indicated to facilitate better cleaning.